Put yourself in the following situation:
There’s an energy conservation initiative going on in your community urging citizens to use fans instead of air conditioning. 4 signs have been randomly divided amongst hundreds of houses throughout your neighborhood, each containing a convincing message:
- You could save $54 a month on your utility bill.
- You could prevent the release of 262 pounds of greenhouse gases per month.
- Conserving energy is the socially responsible thing to do.
- 77% of your neighbors use fans instead of air conditioning— it’s your community’s popular choice
Which sign do you think would most effectively persuade people not to use the air conditioning? If you answered #4 you’re correct, and for good reason.
What is Social Proof?
This situation was an actual scientific study (source) that demonstrates the impact group influence has on decision making. The first 3 reasons, while all valid in their own right, all fell short in the face of one simple yet powerful notion: since others are doing it, I should be doing it, too.
Psychologists call this phenomenon social proof and it’s especially prevalent in the realm of online shopping. These days, eCommerce brands are utilizing the ‘pull of the crowd’ to influence purchasing decisions and turn hesitant visitors into confident purchasers. See here for a more detailed social proof definition.
Social Proof Theory
While we’d like to think our actions are always determined by our own individualistic thinking, the truth is that our final decision making is often conditioned by those around us.
This notion is especially prominent in situations where people are unable to determine the appropriate mode of behavior, and is driven by the assumption that surrounding people possess more knowledge about the situation (source).
It’s the reason we ask for second opinions, assume nightclubs with long lines must be really good, and the driving force behind displaying product reviews and customer testimonials.
Even if a brand’s value proposition is perfect it may not be enough to secure a purchase. In fact, according to a survey conducted by Expo, consumer reviews are trusted nearly 12 times more than descriptions that come from manufacturers (source).
If you’re an eCommerce brand, leveraging social proof in your offering can solidify customer confidence in purchasing decisions and help eliminate the concerns that stand between them and clicking the buy button. Here are two effective social proofing strategies that will help you accomplish just that.
Social Proof Examples for eCommerce
Highlighting Demand to Create Urgency
Highlighting high customer demand for a product is a proven method of boosting sales and can be accomplished by showcasing the amount of views, adds-to-cart or purchases that were conducted within a specific time frame. Notifying customers that, “157 people have bought this product within the last 24 hours,” for example, creates a correlation between urgency and buying in the mind of the customer, and induces a fear of missing out for not going through with the purchase.
The understanding that other people have already bought the item plays an important role in validating the customer’s own thinking to buy it as well. Uncertain customers naturally find comfort in a greater collective, and if you can create the impression that everyone is buying your product, there’s a strong likelihood that they will too.
The Principle of Community
Human beings have a tendency to turn to others when determining courses of action, especially those who come from similar backgrounds or share similar interests. eCommerce brands can leverage this idea by evoking a sense of identity when presenting products to customers.
One way to accomplish this is by inserting a product badge or overlay that makes direct reference to a user’s geo-location. If a customer is from New York, for instance, communicating that an additional “98 visitors are now viewing this item in New York” lends credibility to the product and creates a relatable outlet for the user. Allowing users to ‘feel at home’ when buying is a bonafide way of increasing purchase rates.
Don’t Forget to Test!
Leveraging Social Proof marketing remains one of the most effective ways to ease the minds of apprehensive customers and successfully influence purchasing decisions. In a reality where presenting a perfect value proposition isn’t always enough, grasping the psychology behind consumer decisions is key to driving sales and increasing conversions. When it comes to introducing social proofing tactics into your marketing, be sure to test your ideas as you implement them to find the variations that make the most sense for your customer segments. Ongoing optimization can make all the difference when persuading visitors using the power of social proof.